Bachelor’s degrees Bachelor’s degree followed by master’s or master’s degree in law.
Field (s) of study Pre-medicine or biological sciences and then medicine
Prerequisites High school diploma or equivalent; satisfactory MCAT scores
Duration of the program 4 years for the degree; 4 years for medical school; 3-7 years in residence and scholarships depending on the specialty.
License / Certification State license required
Employment prospects (2014-2024) 14% growth.
Average annual salary (2015) $ 197,700 (for doctors and surgeons)
Source: Office of Labor Statistics of the United States.
The requirements to become a doctor in the United States may vary depending on the specialty. In general, physicians complete a 4-year bachelor’s program, spend 4 years in medical school and then complete 3 to 7 years of residency training before they are eligible for medical leave. Both degree programs usually include courses in general medicine, while future doctors may choose a specialty later, during their residencies.
It is necessary to complete a degree program to prepare future doctors to enter medical school. Although medical schools do not require specific degrees for admission, many students opt for heavy programs in biology and chemistry. Some schools offer specific pre-medicine programs that include the classes required for medical school, and also prepare them to take the Admission Examination of the School of Medicine (MCAT). Common courses in a Bachelor of Science (B.S.) program in biology include:
MCAT – exam for admission to the medical university
The MCAT is a multiple-choice test that students must pass before being admitted to medical school. The physical sciences, biology, critical thinking and verbal skills are evaluated in a computerized test of 5 hours. Most medical schools use this score when considering applicants for admission, so it is important to get a good grade to be considered for the best programs.
The medical school consists of four years of medical training and education. The first two years of experience in the medical school of a prospective doctor are devoted to the study of books and laboratory work to prepare students to diagnose and treat diseases. During the second year of medical school, students take the first part of the Medical Licensing Exam of the United States, which is administered by the National Board of Medical Examiners.
During the last two years of medical school, students begin their clinical experience, going through rotations in clinics and hospitals. The students work under the assistance of doctors to begin their practical training in medicine. The fourth year of medical school is when the second proof of license is issued, as well as when students begin their residency training. As an alternative to college degrees and medical school, some institutions allow students to complete a combined 6-year training and education program, which provides students with a compressed medical and academic education.
The period of internship or internship of a doctor is known as residence. Most doctors complete their residency in a period of 3 to 7 years, depending on the specialization. The first year of residency is when the final medical licensing exam is given, while residency itself focuses almost entirely on practical training in a medical setting, rather than classroom learning. Post-residency scholarships can also be beneficial, since doctors may choose to subspecialize in areas such as internal, geriatric or vascular medicine.
The licensing requirements for physicians vary by state, but most states require at least a 1-year residency program and approval of a board certification exam in the medical specialty that the student has chosen. Once these requirements are met, it is usually considered that a doctor is a licensed medical professional and has the legal capacity to practice in their respective fields.
Employment and salary prospects
According to the US Bureau of Labor Statistics UU (BLS), doctors and surgeons earned an average of $ 197,700 in 2015. According to the BLS data, there were 708,300 doctors and surgeons working in the US. UU In 2014, and employment opportunities for these professionals are expected to increase in a
14% during the 2014-2024 decade.
It takes 11 to 14 years to become a doctor in the United States, which includes obtaining a bachelor’s degree, attending medical school for 4 years and completing a residency program for 3 to 7 years after medical school . After residency, doctors can apply for a state license to practice medicine.